The Pledge of Allegiance*

The Pledge of Allegiance of the United States is an oath of loyalty to the national flag and the republic of the United States of America, originally composed by Francis Bellamy in 1892. The Pledge has been modified four times since then, with the most recent change adding the words "under God" in 1954. The Pledge was predominantly sworn by children in public schools in response to state laws requiring the Pledge to be offered. Congressional sessions open with the swearing of the Pledge, as do government meetings at local levels, meetings held by the Knights of Columbus, Royal Rangers, Boy Scouts of America, Fraternal Order of Eagles, Freemasons, Toastmasters International and their concordant bodies, other organizations, and many sporting events.

Official versions are listed below preceded by the dates of changes. Changes are in bold italics.

1892 - I pledge allegiance to my flag

and the republic for which it stands:

one nation indivisible with liberty

and justice for all.

1892 to 1923 - I pledge allegiance to my flag

and to the republic for which it stands:

one nation indivisible with liberty

and justice for all.

1923 to 1924 - I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States

and to the republic for which it stands:

one nation indivisible with liberty and justice for all.

1924 to 1954 - I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America,

and to the republic for which it stands;

one nation indivisible with liberty and justice for all.

1954 to Present - I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America,

and to the republic for which it stands,

one nation under God, indivisible,

with liberty and justice for all.


*From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance

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